The SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey: The EGS deep field I - Deep number counts and the redshift distribution of the recovered Cosmic Infrared Background at 450 and 850 um

J. A. Zavala, I. Aretxaga, J. E. Geach, D. H. Hughes, Mark Birkinshaw, E. Chapin, S. Chapman, Chian-Chou Chen, D. L. Clements, J. S. Dunlop, D. Farrah, R. J. Ivison, T. Jenness, M. J. Michałowski, E. I. Robson, Douglas Scott, J. Simpson, M. Spaans, P. van der Werf

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Abstract

We present deep observations at 450 μm and 850 μm in the Extended Groth Strip field taken with the SCUBA-2 camera mounted on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope as part of the deep SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey (S2CLS), achieving a central instrumental depth of σ450 = 1.2 mJy beam−1 and σ850 = 0.2 mJy beam−1. We detect 57 sources at 450 μm and 90 at 850 μm with S/N >3.5 over ∼70 arcmin2. From these detections we derive the number counts at flux densities S450 > 4.0 mJy and S850 > 0.9 mJy, which represent the deepest number counts at these wavelengths derived using directly extracted sources from only blank-field observations with a single-dish telescope. Our measurements smoothly connect the gap between previous shallower blank-field single-dish observations and deep interferometric ALMA results. We estimate the contribution of our SCUBA-2 detected galaxies to the cosmic infrared background (CIB), as well as the contribution of 24 μm-selected galaxies through a stacking technique, which add a total of 0.26 ± 0.03 and 0.07 ± 0.01 MJy sr−1, at 450 μm and 850 μm, respectively. These surface brightnesses correspond to 60 ± 20 and 50 ± 20 per cent of the total CIB measurements, where the errors are dominated by those of the total CIB. Using the photometric redshifts of the 24 μm-selected sample and the redshift distributions of the submillimetre galaxies, we find that the redshift distribution of the recovered CIB is different at each wavelength, with a peak at z ∼ 1 for 450 μm and at z ∼ 2 for 850 μm, consistent with previous observations and theoretical models.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3369-3384
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume464
Issue number3
Early online date13 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • submillimetre: galaxies
  • galaxies: high redshift
  • galaxies: evolution
  • cosmology: observations

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