The SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey: the submillimetre properties of Lyman-break galaxies at z = 3-5

K. E. K. Coppin, J. E. Geach, O. Almaini, V. Arumugam, J. S. Dunlop, W. G. Hartley, R. J. Ivison, C. J. Simpson, D. J. B. Smith, A. M. Swinbank, A. W. Blain, N. Bourne, M. Bremer, C. Conselice, C. M. Harrison, A. Mortlock, S. C. Chapman, L. J. M. Davies, D. Farrah, A. GibbT. Jenness, A. Karim, K. K. Knudsen, E. Ibar, M. J. Michałowski, J. A. Peacock, D. Rigopoulou, E. I. Robson, D. Scott, J. Stevens, P. P. van der Werf

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Abstract

We present detections at 850 μm of the Lyman-break galaxy (LBG) population at z ≈ 3, 4, and 5 using data from the Submillimetre Common User Bolometer Array 2 Cosmology Legacy Survey in the United Kingdom Infrared Deep Sky Survey `Ultra Deep Survey' field. We employ stacking to probe beneath the survey limit, measuring the average 850 μm flux density of LBGs at z ≈ 3, 4, and 5 with typical ultraviolet luminosities of L1700 ≈ 1029 erg s-1 Hz-1. We measure 850 μm flux densities of (0.25 ± 0.03), (0.41 ± 0.06), and (0.88 ± 0.23) mJy, respectively, finding that they contribute at most 20 per cent to the cosmic far-infrared (IR) background at 850 μm. Fitting an appropriate range of spectral energy distributions to the z ˜ 3, 4, and 5 LBG stacked 24-850 μm fluxes, we derive IR luminosities of L8-1000 μm ≈ 3.2, 5.5, and 11.0 × 1011 L⊙ [and star formation rates (SFRs) of ≈50-200 M⊙ yr-1], respectively. We find that the evolution in the IR luminosity density of LBGs is broadly consistent with model predictions for the expected contribution of luminous-to-ultraluminous IR galaxies at these epochs. We observe a positive correlation between stellar mass and IR luminosity and confirm that, for a fixed mass, the reddest LBGs (UV slope β → 0) are redder due to dust extinction, with SFR(IR)/SFR(UV) increasing by about an order of magnitude over -2 <β <0 with SFR(IR)/SFR(UV) ˜ 20 for the reddest LBGs. Furthermore, the most massive LBGs tend to have higher obscured-to-unobscured ratios, hinting at a variation in the obscuration properties across the mass range.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1293-1304
Number of pages12
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume446
Issue number2
Early online date19 Nov 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • galaxies: evolution - galaxies: formation
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • galaxies: star formation
  • submillimetre: galaxies
  • ultraviolet: galaxies

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    Coppin, K. E. K., Geach, J. E., Almaini, O., Arumugam, V., Dunlop, J. S., Hartley, W. G., Ivison, R. J., Simpson, C. J., Smith, D. J. B., Swinbank, A. M., Blain, A. W., Bourne, N., Bremer, M., Conselice, C., Harrison, C. M., Mortlock, A., Chapman, S. C., Davies, L. J. M., Farrah, D., ... van der Werf, P. P. (2015). The SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey: the submillimetre properties of Lyman-break galaxies at z = 3-5. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 446(2), 1293-1304. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stu2185