The sensitivity of Helix aspersa neurones to injected calcium ions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

207 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. When calcium chloride was injected into Helix aspersa neurones there was a fall in membrane resistance and the membrane potential became hyperpolarized.2. The reversal potential of the response was dependent on the concentration of potassium in the external solution.3. Injection of a calcium-EGTA buffer containing 9 x 10(-7)M free calcium reduced the membrane resistance by 25%. When calcium chloride was injected it was necessary to increase the total intracellular calcium concentration by about 10(-3)M to produce similar change of resistance.4. In sodium-free (Tris) solution there was a slow fall of membrane resistance as if the intracellular calcium concentration had increased. There was a similar resistance change in the presence of 2,4-dinitrophenol and iodoacetate.5. A series of repetitive depolarizing pulses produced a long lasting reduction in membrane resistance which was enhanced by 2,4-dinitrophenol and iodoacetate.6. It is concluded that (a) injection of calcium causes an increase in potassium permeability, (b) the injected calcium is rapidly pumped from the cytoplasm by a sodium-dependent mechanism and by mitochondria, and (c) 1-2 msec depolarizing pulses stimulate an influx of calcium. This influx is rapid enough to trigger potassium activation during an action potential.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-77
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Physiology
Volume237
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1974

Keywords

  • Action Potentials
  • Animals
  • Biological Transport, Active
  • Buffers
  • Calcium
  • Cell Membrane Permeability
  • Dinitrophenols
  • Electric Conductivity
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Iodoacetates
  • Membrane Potentials
  • Neurons
  • Potassium
  • Snails

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