The subjective experience and phenomenology of depression following first episode psychosis: a qualitative study using photo-elicitation

Amrita Sandhu, Jonathan Ives, Max Birchwood, Rachel Upthegrove

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Depression following first episode psychosis (FEP) is a frequent occurrence, with profound impact on recovery and outcome. Whilst many theories exist about the causes of depression here, research to date has been based on nosology imported wholesale from affective disorder, with little primary research on the subjective experience. This study aimed to explore the subjective experience and phenomenological features of post-psychotic depression in FEP.

METHOD: A qualitative methodology, photo-elicitation, together with unstructured interviews, was used to characterise aspects of depression following FEP and analysed using contemporary framework analysis.

RESULTS: Depression was reported by participants as linked to the experience of and recovery from psychosis. The psychotic episode was a traumatic event followed by subjective doubt, shame and embarrassment. Loss and social isolation were central. Core biological symptoms did not feature.

LIMITATIONS: Despite the relatively small sample size, this study was able to generate in-depth data that provides useful and novel insight. Whilst generalisability is incompatible with qualitative methodology, further research using the same methodology would generate a wider range of experiences and perspectives.

CONCLUSIONS: Understanding this dimension of psychosis in and of itself has the potential to improve and aid development of more effective and appropriately targeted interventions and associated outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-74
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume149
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Depression
  • Emotions
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Photography
  • Psychotic Disorders
  • Qualitative Research
  • Young Adult

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