The UL14 tegument protein of herpes simplex virus type 1 is required for efficient nuclear transport of the alpha transinducing factor VP16 and viral capsids

Yohei Yamauchi, Kazuya Kiriyama, Naomi Kubota, Hiroshi Kimura, Jiro Usukura, Yukihiro Nishiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The protein encoded by the UL14 gene of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and HSV-2 is expressed late in infection and is a minor component of the virion tegument. An UL14-deficient HSV-1 mutant (UL14D) forms small plaques and exhibits an extended growth cycle at low multiplicities of infection (MOI) compared to wild-type virus. Although UL14 is likely to be involved in the process of viral maturation and egress, its precise role in viral replication is still enigmatic. In this study, we found that immediate-early viral mRNA expression was decreased in UL14D-infected cells. Transient coexpression of UL14 and VP16 in the absence of infection stimulated the nuclear accumulation of both proteins. We intended to visualize the fate of VP16 released from the infected virion and constructed UL14-null (14D-VP16G) and rescued (14R-VP16G) viruses that expressed a VP16-green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion protein. Synchronous high-multiplicity infection of the viruses was performed at 4 degrees C in the absence of de novo protein synthesis. We found that the presence of UL14 in the virion had an enhancing effect on the nuclear accumulation of VP16-GFP. The lack of UL14 did not significantly alter virus internalization but affected incoming capsid transport to the nuclear pore. These observations suggested that UL14 (i) enhanced VP16 nuclear localization at the immediately early phase, thus indirectly regulating the expression of immediate-early genes, and (ii) was associated with efficient nuclear targeting of capsids. The tegument protein UL14 could be part of the machinery that regulates HSV-1 replication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1094-106
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2008

Keywords

  • Active Transport, Cell Nucleus
  • Animals
  • Capsid Proteins
  • Cell Line
  • Cercopithecus aethiops
  • Herpes Simplex Virus Protein Vmw65
  • Herpesvirus 1, Human
  • Humans
  • Viral Proteins
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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