The use of adjustable gastric bands for management of severe and complex obesity

James C A Hopkins, Jane M. Blazeby, Chris A. Rogers, Richard Welbourn*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
257 Downloads (Pure)


Background Obesity levels in the UK have reached a sustained high and ∼4% of the population would be candidates for bariatric surgery based upon current UK NICE guidelines, which has important implications for Clinical Commissioning Groups. Sources of data Summary data from Cochrane systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies. Areas of agreement Currently, the only treatment that offers significant and durable weight loss for those with severe and complex obesity is surgery. Three operations account for 95% of all bariatric surgery in the UK, but the NHS offers surgery to only a small fraction of those who could benefit. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (gastric banding) has potentially the lowest risk and up-front costs of the three procedures. Areas of controversy Reliable Level 1 evidence of the relative effectiveness of the operations is lacking. Growing points As a point intervention, weight loss surgery together with the chronic disease management strategy for obesity can prevent significant future disease and mortality, and the NHS should embrace both. Areas timely for developing research Better RCT evidence is needed including clinical effectiveness and economic analysis to answer the important question 'which is the best of the three operations most frequently performed?' This review considers the current evidence for gastric banding for the treatment of severe and complex obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-75
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Medical Bulletin
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2016

Structured keywords

  • BTC (Bristol Trials Centre)
  • Centre for Surgical Research


  • Bariatric surgery
  • Diabetes treatment
  • Gastric banding
  • Metabolic surgery
  • Obesity surgery


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