The validation of a functional, isolated pig bladder model for physiological experimentation

B Parsons, Marcus Drake, Andrew Gammie, CH Fry, Bahareh Vahabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)
376 Downloads (Pure)


Characterizing the integrative physiology of the bladder requires whole organ preparations. The purpose of this study was to validate an isolated large animal (pig) bladder preparation, through arterial and intravesical drug administration, intravesical pressure recording, and filming of surface micromotions. Female pig bladders were obtained from the local abattoir and arterially perfused in vitro. Arterial and intravesical pressures were recorded at varying volumes. Bladder viability was assessed histologically and by monitoring inflow and outflow pH. Arterial drug administration employed boluses introduced into the perfusate. Intravesical administration involved slow instillation and a prolonged dwell-time. Surface micromotions were recorded by filming the separation of surface markers concurrently with intravesical pressure measurement. Adequate perfusion to all bladder layers was achieved for up to 8 h; there was no structural deterioration nor alteration in inflow and effluent perfusate pH. Arterial drug administration (carbachol and potassium chloride) showed consistent dose-dependent responses. Localized movements (micromotions) occurred over the bladder surface, with variable correlation with fluctuations of intravesical pressure. The isolated pig bladder is a valid approach to study integrative bladder physiology. It remains viable when perfused in vitro, responds to different routes of drug administration and provides a model to correlate movements of the bladder wall directly to variation of intravesical pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number52
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

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