Three-dimensional printing in congenital heart disease: Considerations on training and clinical implementation from a teaching session

Giovanni Biglino*, Elena G. Milano, Claudio Capelli, Jo Wray, Andrew I. U. Shearn, Massimo Caputo, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, Andrew M. Taylor, Silvia Schievano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
135 Downloads (Pure)


In light of growing interest for three-dimensional printing technology in the cardiovascular community, this study focused on exploring the possibilities of providing training for cardiovascular three-dimensional printing in the context of a relevant international congress and providing considerations on the delivery of such courses. As a second objective, the study sought to capture preferences in relation to three-dimensional printing uses and set-ups from those attending the training session. A survey was administered to n = 30 professionals involved or interested in three-dimensional printing cardiovascular models following a specialised teaching session. Survey results suggest the potential for split training sessions, with a broader introduction for those with no prior experience in three-dimensional printing followed by a more in-depth and hands-on session. All participants agreed on the potential of the technology in all its applications, particularly for aiding decision-making around complex surgical or interventional cases. When exploring setting up an in-house three-dimensional printing service, the majority of participants reported that their centre was already equipped with an in-house facility or expressed a desire that such a facility should be available, with a minority preferring consigning models to an external third party for printing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)595-599
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Issue number10
Early online date20 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019


  • apheresis & detoxification techniques
  • artificial kidney
  • bioengineering
  • cardiac imaging
  • cardiac surgery
  • modelling cardiovascular
  • Paediatric cardiac surgery

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