Through-thickness distributions of residual stresses in two extreme heat-input thick welds: A neutron diffraction, contour method and deep hole drilling study

W. Woo, G. B. An*, E. J. Kingston, A. T. DeWaldd, D. J. Smith, M. R. Hill

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spatial variations of residual stresses were determined through the thickness of 70 mm thick ferritic steel welds created using low (1.7 kJ mm(-1)) and high (56 kJ mm(-1)) heat inputs. Two-dimensional maps of the longitudinal residual stress were obtained by using the contour method. The results were compared to neutron diffraction measurements through the thickness at different locations from the weld centerline. The deep hole drilling technique was utilized to confirm the maximum stress locations and magnitudes. The results show that significant tensile stresses (similar to 90% of yield strength) occur along the weld centerline near the top surface (within 10% of the depth) in the low heat-input specimen. Meanwhile, in the high heat-input weld, the peak stress moved towards the heat-affected zone at a depth of similar to 40% of the thickness. Finally, the influence of residual stresses on potential fracture behavior of the welded joints is discussed. (C) 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3564-3574
Number of pages11
JournalActa Materialia
Volume61
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • Contour method
  • PLATES
  • TMCP
  • PREDICTION
  • BEHAVIOR
  • SIMULATION
  • ALLOY
  • WELDMENTS
  • Residual stress
  • Deep hole drilling
  • Neutron diffraction
  • STEEL WELD
  • Welding
  • DEPTH
  • FATIGUE-CRACK GROWTH

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