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Tilting and Squeezing: Phase space geometry of Hamiltonian saddle-node bifurcation and its influence on chemical reaction dynamics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalInternational Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos
DateAccepted/In press - 7 Jul 2019

Abstract

In this article we present the influence of a Hamiltonian saddle-node bifurcation on the high-dimensional phase space structures that mediate reaction dynamics. To achieve this goal, we identify the phase space invariant manifolds using Lagrangian descriptors, which is a trajectory-based diagnostic suitable for the construction of a complete ``phase space tomography'' by means of analyzing dynamics on low-dimensional slices. First, we build a Hamiltonian system with one degree-of-freedom (DoF) that models reaction, and study the effect of adding a parameter to the potential energy function that controls the depth of the well. Then, we extend this framework to a saddle-node bifurcation for a two DoF Hamiltonian, constructed by coupling a harmonic oscillator, i.e. a bath mode, to the other reactive DoF in the system. For this problem, we describe the phase space structures associated with the rank-1 saddle equilibrium point in the bottleneck region, which is a Normally Hyperbolic Invariant Manifold (NHIM) and its stable and unstable manifolds. Finally, we address the qualitative changes in the reaction dynamics of the Hamiltonian system due to changes in the well depth of the potential energy surface that gives rise to the saddle-node bifurcation.

Additional information

54 pages, 15 figures, Submitted to Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation

    Research areas

  • nlin.CD, math.DS, physics.chem-ph, 37N99, 34C45, 34C60, 70H05, 70K50

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