Time Remains

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
323 Downloads (Pure)


On one popular view, the general covariance of gravity implies that change is relational in a strong sense, such that all it is for a physical degree of freedom to change is for it to vary with regard to a second physical degree of freedom. At a quantum level, this view of change as relative variation leads to a fundamentally timeless formalism for quantum gravity. Here, we will show how one may avoid this acute 'problem of time'. Under our view, duration is still regarded as relative, but temporal succession is taken to be absolute. Following our approach, which is presented in more formal terms in (Gryb and Thébault [2014]), it is possible to conceive of a genuinely dynamical theory of quantum gravity within which time, in a substantive sense, remains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)663-705
Number of pages43
JournalBritish Journal for the Philosophy of Science
Issue number3
Early online date7 Mar 2015
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2016


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