Timing and origin of recent regional ice-mass loss in Greenland

Ingo Sasgen, Michiel van den Broeke, Jonathan L. Bamber, Eric Rignot, Louise Sandberg Sorensen, Bert Wouters, Zdenek Martinec, Isabella Velicogna, Sebastian B. Simonsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

156 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Within the last decade, the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) and its surroundings have experienced record high surface temperatures (Mote, 2007; Box et al., 2010), ice sheet melt extent (Fettweis et al., 2011) and record-low summer sea-ice extent (Nghiem et al., 2007). Using three independent data sets, we derive, for the first time, consistent ice-mass trends and temporal variations within seven major drainage basins from gravity fields from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE; Tapley et al., 2004), surface-ice velocities from Inteferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR; Rignot and Kanagaratnam, 2006) together with output of the regional atmospheric climate modelling (RACMO2/GR; Ettema et al., 2009), and surface-elevation changes from the Ice, cloud and land elevation satellite (ICESat; Sorensen et al., 2011). We show that changing ice discharge (D), surface melting and subsequent run-off (M/R) and precipitation (P) all contribute, in a complex and regionally variable interplay, to the increasingly negative mass balance of the GrIS observed within the last decade. Interannual variability in P along the northwest and west coasts of the GrIS largely explains the apparent regional mass loss increase during 2002-2010, and obscures increasing M/R and D since the 1990s. In winter 2002/2003 and 2008/2009, accumulation anomalies in the east and southeast temporarily outweighed the losses by M/R and D that prevailed during 2003-2008, and after summer 2010. Overall, for all basins of the GrIS, the decadal variability of anomalies in P, M/R and D between 1958 and 2010 (w.r.t. 1961-1990) was significantly exceeded by the regional trends observed during the GRACE period (2002-2011). (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-303
Number of pages11
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume333
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2012

Cite this

Sasgen, I., van den Broeke, M., Bamber, J. L., Rignot, E., Sorensen, L. S., Wouters, B., Martinec, Z., Velicogna, I., & Simonsen, S. B. (2012). Timing and origin of recent regional ice-mass loss in Greenland. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 333, 293-303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2012.03.033