Tissue immunoglobulin G subclasses observed in immune-mediated dermatopathy, deep pyoderma and hypersensitivity dermatitis in dogs

MJ Day, G Mazza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A panel of monoclonal antibodies has been used to define three of the four subclasses of canine immunoglobulin G (IgG(2), IgG(3) and IgG(4)) in formalin-fixed tissues. These reagents, together with a polyclonal antiserum specific for the Fc region of canine IgG, were used in an immunohistochemical study of biopsies of skin from five normal dogs and from the lesions of canine pemphigus foliaceus in seven dogs, discoid lupus erythematosus in eight dogs, bullous pemphigoid in one dog, cutaneous drug eruption in two dogs, deep pyoderma in 13 dogs and hypersensitivity dermatitis in eight dogs. IgG autoantibody was identified in the skin of all the dogs with immune-mediated dermatoses by using the polyclonal reagent, and antibody of the IgG(2) and/or IgG(4) subclass was identified in the epidermis of three of the dogs with pemphigus foliaceus, two of those with discoid lupus erythematosus and in the dog with bullous pemphigoid. In all the lesions, the infiltrate of dermal plasma cells consisted of similar numbers of IgG(2) and IgG(4) bearing cells, with relatively few IgG(3) positive cells. The total number of these cells was generally approximately the same as or greater than the number of cells labelled with the polyclonal reagent. There was no significant difference between the IgG-bearing plasma cell infiltrate in German shepherd dogs with deep pyoderma and that in dogs of other breeds. The infiltration of IgG(2) and IgG(4) bearing plasma cells into the skin of dogs with a range of cutaneous disorders was related to the selectively enhanced serum levels of these subclasses in the diseased dogs.

Translated title of the contributionTissue immunoglobulin G subclasses observed in immune-mediated dermatopathy, deep pyoderma and hypersensitivity dermatitis in dogs
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82 - 89
Number of pages8
JournalResearch in Veterinary Science
Volume58
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1995

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