Topology and mechanics of metal rubber via X-ray tomography

Yanhong Ma, Qicheng Zhang, Yongfeng Wang, Jie Hong*, Fabrizio Scarpa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
128 Downloads (Pure)


This paper describes the structural characteristics of metal rubber (MR) evaluated by X-ray tomography and skeletonisation at microscopic scale. The parameters used to describe the internal structure of the MR were numerically extracted and compared to assess the effect of different MR manufacturing parameters on the mechanical properties of the material. Quasi-static tests were also performed to obtain the stiffness and damping of the metal porous material and to understand their correlation with the topology defining the samples. A simplified helix cell model was used to interpret the mechanical properties of the MR based on the structural parameters identified in this paper. The transverse isotropic stiffness of the MR observed here is partly caused by the distribution of the metal wires, with more helices oriented along the molding direction resulting in smaller equivalent stiffness. The compression, relative density, helix and wire diameters can influence the structural and mechanical characteristics of the MR in a significant manner.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108067
Number of pages20
JournalMaterials and Design
Early online date26 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2019


  • CT scan
  • Entangled wire mesh
  • Mechanical property
  • Metal rubber
  • Microstructure parameters
  • Topology


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