Torsional Rigidity for Regions with a Brownian Boundary

M. van den Berg*, E. Bolthausen, F. den Hollander

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
215 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Let Tm be the m-dimensional unit torus, m ∈ ℕ. The torsional rigidity of an open set Ω ⊂ Tm is the integral with respect to Lebesgue measure over all starting points x ∈ Ω of the expected lifetime in Ω of a Brownian motion starting at x. In this paper we consider Ω = Tm\β[0, t], the complement of the path ß[0, t] of an independent Brownian motion up to time t. We compute the leading order asymptotic behaviour of the expectation of the torsional rigidity in the limit as t → ∞. For m = 2 the main contribution comes from the components in T2\β0, t] whose inradius is comparable to the largest inradius, while for m = 3 most of T3\β[0, t] contributes. A similar result holds for m ≥ 4 after the Brownian path is replaced by a shrinking Wiener sausage Wr(t)[0, t] of radius r(t) = o(t-1/(m-2)), provided the shrinking is slow enough to ensure that the torsional rigidity tends to zero. Asymptotic properties of the capacity of ß[0, t] in ℝ3 and W1[0, t] in ℝm, m ≥ 4, play a central role throughout the paper. Our results contribute to a better understanding of the geometry of the complement of Brownian motion on Tm, which has received a lot of attention in the literature in past years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-403
Number of pages29
JournalPotential Analysis
Volume48
Issue number3
Early online date7 Jul 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Brownian motion
  • Capacity
  • Heat kernel
  • Inradius
  • Laplacian
  • Spectrum
  • Torsional rigidity
  • Torus

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