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The iterative homologation of boronic esters using chiral lithiated benzoate esters and chloromethyllithium has been applied to the highly efficient syntheses of two natural products, (+)-kalkitoxin and (+)-hydroxyphthioceranic acid. The chiral lithiated benzoate esters (>99% ee) were generated from the corresponding stannanes, which themselves were prepared by Hoppe-Beak deprotonation of ethyl 2,4,6-triisopropyl-benzoate with s-BuLi in the presence of (+)- or (-)-sparteine and trapping with Me<inf>3</inf>SnCl followed by recrystallization. In addition, it was found that purification between several homologations could be avoided, substantially increasing both chemical and manpower efficiency. In the case of (+)-kalkitoxin, six iterative homologations were conducted on commercially available p-MeOC<inf>6</inf>H<inf>4</inf>CH<inf>2</inf>Bpin to build up the core of the molecule before the C-B bond was converted into the desired C-N bond, without purification of intermediates. In the case of (+)-hydroxyphthioceranic acid, 16 iterative homologations were conducted on p-MeOC<inf>6</inf>H<inf>4</inf>Bpin with only four intermediate purifications before oxidation of the C-B bond to the desired alcohol. The stereocontrolled and efficient syntheses of these complex molecules highlight the power of iterative chemical synthesis using boronic esters. (Chemical Equation Presented).
- BCS and TECS CDTs
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'Toward Ideality: The Synthesis of (+)-Kalkitoxin and (+)-Hydroxyphthioceranic Acid by Assembly-Line Synthesis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
- 2 Finished
Changing the Synthesis Landscape with Boron at the Helm: from Chiral Organometallics to Assembly Line Synthesis
14/05/12 → 13/01/18