Towards Faithful and Meaningful Interpretable Representations

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Abstract

Interpretable representations are the backbone of many black-box explainers. They translate the low-level data representation necessary for good predictive performance into high-level human-intelligible concepts used to convey the explanation. Notably, the explanation type and its cognitive complexity are directly controlled by the interpretable representation, allowing to target a particular audience and use case. However, many explainers that rely on interpretable representations overlook their merit and fall back on default solutions, which may introduce implicit assumptions, thereby degrading the explanatory power of such techniques. To address this problem, we study properties of interpretable representations that encode presence and absence of human-comprehensible concepts. We show how they are operationalised for tabular, image and text data, discussing their strengths and weaknesses. Finally, we analyse their explanatory properties in the context of tabular data, where a linear model is used to quantify the importance of interpretable concepts.
Original languageEnglish
JournalarXiv
Publication statusUnpublished - 16 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • cs.LG
  • cs.AI
  • stat.ML

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