Traffic jam dynamics in a car-following model with reaction-time delay and stochasticity of drivers

G Orosz, B Krauskopf, RE Wilson

Research output: Working paperWorking paper and Preprints

6 Citations (Scopus)
237 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

We consider an optimal-velocity car-following model with reaction-time delay of drivers, where the characteristics of the drivers change according to a suitably calibrated random walk. In the absence of this stochasticity we find stable and almost stable oscillations that correspond to stop-and-go traffic jams that eventually merge or disperse. We study how the distribution of the merging times depends on the parameters of the random walk. Our numerical simulations suggest that the motion of the fronts into and out of traffic jams may be subject to a `macroscopic' random walk
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Bibliographical note

Additional information: Preprint version of a paper submitted to the 6th IFAC Workshop on Time-Delay Systems, L’Aquila (Italy), 2006

Keywords

  • random walk
  • reaction-time delay
  • optimal velocity model
  • stop-and-go waves

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