Trailing edge bluntness noise reduction using porous treatments

Syamir Alihan Showkat Ali, Mahdi Azarpeyvand*, Carlos Ilario da Silva*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

This paper provides an experimental investigation of the noise generated from a blunt flat plate and the possibility of the control of noise at source using porous trailing edges. The noise generation characteristics have been examined using a flat plate equipped with surface pressure transducers and far-field microphones and was performed in an anechoic open jet wind tunnel. Two types of porous materials with different porosities and permeability constants were tested. Simultaneous near-field and far-field noise measurements, as well as the boundary layer and wake flow measurements, have been carried out to better understand the effects of the porous treatment to the flow-field and the noise generation mechanism of the plate. Results have shown that the use of porous trailing edges can generally lead to the effective suppression of both the tonal noise, due to the vortex shedding from the blunt trailing edge and also the broadband noise of the plate. The level of the noise reduction was also found to be dependent on the porosity and permeability of the porous materials. The directivity patterns of the radiated noise have shown significant noise reduction at the vortex shedding frequencies. The flow measurement results have shown that the use of porous trailing edges leads to the reduction of flow acceleration over the blunt edges, and subsequently the delay and weakening of the vortex shedding. The results presented in this paper provide an impetus for further experimental and numerical studies on the use of porous treatments for the suppression of aerodynamically generated noise at source.
Original languageEnglish
Article number115257
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Volume474 (2020)
Early online date20 Feb 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Porous material
  • Turbulent flow interaction
  • Noise reduction

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