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Upon treatment with aryldiazonium salts, prenyl carbamates and ureas undergo redox-neutral azocycloamination. In general, N-aryl O-prenyl carbamates cyclize in a photocatalytic reaction with visible light and an organic dye. With electron-deficient diazonium salts, electronic matching with an electron-rich N-aryl substituent results in a reaction proceeding in the ground state, without either light or photocatalyst. Cyclic voltammetry suggests that this radical reaction is initiated by hydrogen-atom abstraction mediated by an aryl radical, followed by a radical addition cascade and proton-coupled hole propagation. The reaction proceeds at room temperature in short reaction times, and a range of functional groups is tolerated.
- diazonium salts