Translating the Rules of Football in South America, 1863-1914

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This article explores the early history of Association Football in South America through the case study of the first translations of the rules of the game from English into Portuguese and Spanish. It demonstrates, by means of a comparison of the different temporalities and contexts of these documents, the connected and transnational nature of the sport. This has often been neglected in national paradigm studies of football pioneers and the first matches, clubs and leagues. The study of the translators suggests new avenues for the study of the interlinked histories of sport, politics and culture.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569
Number of pages588
JournalEstudos Historicos
Issue number68
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2019


  • Football
  • translations
  • South America
  • culture
  • Empire


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