Transmission of Chlamydia trachomatis through sexual partnerships: a comparison between three individual-based models and empirical data

Christian L. Althaus*, Katherine M. E. Turner, Boris V. Schmid, Janneke C. M. Heijne, Mirjam Kretzschmar, Nicola Low

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) in many developed countries. The highest prevalence rates are found among young adults who have frequent partner change rates. Three published individual-based models have incorporated a detailed description of age-specific sexual behaviour in order to quantify the transmission of C. trachomatis in the population and to assess the impact of screening interventions. Owing to varying assumptions about sexual partnership formation and dissolution and the great uncertainty about critical parameters, such models show conflicting results about the impact of preventive interventions. Here, we perform a detailed evaluation of these models by comparing the partnership formation and dissolution dynamics with data from Natsal 2000, a population-based probability sample survey of sexual attitudes and lifestyles in Britain. The data also allow us to describe the dispersion of C. trachomatis infections as a function of sexual behaviour, using the Gini coefficient. We suggest that the Gini coefficient is a useful measure for calibrating infectious disease models that include risk structure and highlight the need to estimate this measure for other STIs.

Translated title of the contributionTransmission of Chlamydia trachomatis through sexual partnerships: a comparison between three individual-based models and empirical data
Original languageEnglish
Article number2011.0131v1-rsif20110131
Pages (from-to)136-146
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Royal Society Interface
Volume9
Issue number66
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • sexual partnerships
  • individual-based model
  • Natsal 2000
  • Gini coefficient
  • TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
  • PREFERENTIAL ATTACHMENT
  • UNITED-STATES
  • YOUNG-ADULTS
  • NON-MONOGAMY
  • GONORRHEA
  • EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • POPULATIONS
  • NETWORKS
  • BRITAIN

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