Transport-related measures to mitigate climate change in Basel, Switzerland: A health-effectiveness comparison study

L. Perez*, S. Trüeb, H. Cowie, M. P. Keuken, P. Mudu, M. S. Ragettli, D. A. Sarigiannis, M. Tobollik, J. Tuomisto, D. Vienneau, C. Sabel, N. Künzli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Local strategies to reduce green-house gases (GHG) imply changes of non-climatic exposure patterns. Objective: To assess the health impacts of locally relevant transport-related climate change policies in Basel, Switzerland. Methods: We modelled change in mortality and morbidity for the year 2020 based on several locally relevant transport scenarios including all decided transport policies up to 2020, additional realistic and hypothesized traffic reductions, as well as ambitious diffusion levels of electric cars. The scenarios were compared to the reference condition in 2010 assumed as status quo. The changes in non-climatic population exposure included ambient air pollution, physical activity, and noise. As secondary outcome, changes in Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) were put into perspective with predicted changes of CO<inf>2</inf> emissions and fuel consumption. Results: Under the scenario that assumed a strict particle emissions standard in diesel cars and all planned transport measures, 3% of premature deaths could be prevented from projected PM<inf>2.5</inf> exposure reduction. A traffic reduction scenario assuming more active trips provided only minor added health benefits for any of the changes in exposure considered. A hypothetical strong support to electric vehicles diffusion would have the largest health effectiveness given that the energy production in Basel comes from renewable sources. Conclusion: The planned local transport related GHG emission reduction policies in Basel are sensible for mitigating climate change and improving public health. In this context, the most effective policy remains increasing zero-emission vehicles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3071
Pages (from-to)111-119
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironment International
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Climate change
  • GHG emissions
  • Health impact assessment
  • Noise
  • Physical activity
  • Policy

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