Travelling solitary waves in the discrete nonlinear Schrodinger equation with saturable nonlinearity: existence, stability and dynamics

TRO Melvin, AR Champneys, PG Kevrekidis, J Cuevas

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Abstract

The present work examines in detail the existence, stability and dynamics of travelling solitary waves in dynamical lattices with saturable nonlinearity. After analszing the linear spectrum of the problem in the travelling wave frame, a pseudo-spectral numerical method is used to identify weakly non-local solitary waves. By finding zeros of an appropriately crafted tail condition, we can obtain the genuinely localised pulse-like solutions. Subsequent use of continuation methods allows us to obtain the relevant branches of solutions as a function of the system parameters, such as the frequency and inter-site coupling strength. We examine the stability of the solutions in two ways: both by imposing numerical perturbations and observing the solution dynamics, as well as by considering the solutions as fixed points of an appropriate map and computing the corresponding Floquet matrix and its eigenvalues. Both methods indicate that our solutions are robustly localised. Finally, the interactions of these solutions are examined in collision type phenomena, observing that relevant collisions are near-elastic, although they may, under appropriate conditions, lead to the generation of an additional pulse.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 24 May 2007

Bibliographical note

Sponsorship: EPSRC

Keywords

  • saturable nonlinearity
  • travelling waves
  • vanishing PN barrier
  • discrete nonlinear Schrodinger equation
  • photorefractive crystals
  • stability
  • discrete solitons
  • pseudo-spectral method
  • numerical continuation

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