The incidence of pleural infection seems to be increasing worldwide. Despite continued advances in the management of this condition, morbidity and mortality have essentially remained static over the past decade. This article summarizes the current evidence and opinions on the epidemiology, etiology, and management of complicated pleural effusions caused by infection, including empyema. Although many parallels may be drawn between children and adults in such cases, most trials, guidelines, and series regard pediatric patient groups and those more than 18 years of age as separate entities. This review focuses mainly on the treatment of adult disease.
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- Empyema, Pleural
- Pleural Effusion
- Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic