Tropical combinatorics and Whittaker functions

Ivan Corwin, Neil O'Connell, Timo Seppäläinen, Nikolaos Zygouras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)


We establish a fundamental connection between the geometric Robinson-Schensted- Knuth (RSK) correspondence and GL(N;ℝ)-Whittaker functions, analogous to the well-known relationship between the RSK correspondence and Schur functions. This gives rise to a natural family of measures associated with GL(N;ℝ)-Whittaker functions which are the analogues in this setting of the Schur measures on integer partitions. The corresponding analogue of the Cauchy-Littlewood identity can be seen as a generalization of an integral identity for GL(N;ℝ)-Whittaker functions due to Bump and Stade. As an application, we obtain an explicit integral formula for the Laplace transform of the law of the partition function associated with a 1-dimensional directed polymer model with log-gamma weights recently introduced by one of the authors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-563
Number of pages51
JournalDuke Mathematical Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2014


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