At global and regional scales, primary productivity strongly correlates with richness patterns of extant animals across space, suggesting that resource availability and climatic conditions drive patterns of diversity. However, the existence and consistency of such diversity–productivity relationships through geological history is unclear. Here we provide a comprehensive quantitative test of the diversity–productivity relationship for terrestrial large mammals through time across broad temporal and spatial scales. We combine >14,000 occurrences for 690 fossil genera through the Neogene (23–1.8 Mya) with regional estimates of primary productivity from fossil plant communities in North America and Europe. We show a significant positive diversity–productivity relationship through the 20-million-year record, providing evidence on unprecedented spatial and temporal scales that this relationship is a general pattern in the ecology and paleo-ecology of our planet. Further, we discover that genus richness today does not match the fossil relationship, suggesting that a combination of human impacts and Pleistocene climate variability has modified the 20-million-year ecological relationship by strongly reducing primary productivity and driving many mammalian species into decline or to extinction.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Early online date||12 Sep 2016|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Sep 2016|
- NET PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY
Fritz, S., Eronen, J., Schnitzler, J., Hof, C., Janis, C. M., Mulch, A., Bohning-Gaese, K., & Graham, C. (2016). Twenty-million-year relationship between mammalian diversity and primary productivity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(39), 10908-10913. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1602145113