Two-fold singularities in nonsmooth dynamics: Higher dimensional analogs

Simon Webber, Mike R Jeffrey*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

When a system of ordinary differential equations is discontinuous along some threshold, its flow may become tangent to that threshold from one side or the other, creating a fold singularity, or from both sides simultaneously, creating a two-fold singularity. The classic two-fold exhibits intricate local dynamics and accumulating sequences of local bifurcations and is by now rather well understood, but it is just the simplest of an infinite hierarchy of two-folds and multi-folds in higher dimensions. These arise when a system is discontinuous along multiple intersecting thresholds, and the induced sliding flows on those thresholds become tangent to their intersections. We show here, surprisingly, that these higher dimensional analogs of the two-fold reduce to the equations of the classic two-fold, providing the first step into their study and a new tool to understand higher dimensional systems with discontinuities.
Original languageEnglish
Article number093142
JournalChaos
Volume30
Early online date23 Sep 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Sep 2020

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