The application of uncertainty analysis for the prediction of aeroelastic stability, using probabilistic and non-probabilistic methodologies, is considered in this chapter. Initially, a background to aeroelasticity and possible instabilities, in particular “flutter,” that can occur in aircraft is given along with the consideration of why Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) is becoming an important issue to the aerospace industry. The Polynomial Chaos Expansion method and the Fuzzy Analysis for UQ are then introduced and a range of different random and quasi-random sampling techniques as well as methods for surrogate modeling are discussed. The implementation of these methods is demonstrated for the prediction of the effects that variations in the structural mass, resembling variations in the fuel load, have on the aeroelastic behavior of the Semi-Span Super-Sonic Transport wind-tunnel model (S4T). A numerical model of the aircraft is investigated using an eigenvalue analysis and a series of linear flutter analyses for a range of subsonic and supersonic speeds. It is shown how the Probability Density Functions (PDF) of the resulting critical flutter speeds can be determined efficiently using both UQ approaches and how the membership functions of the aeroelastic system outputs can be obtained accurately using a Kriging predictor.
|Title of host publication||Mathematics of Uncertainty Modeling in the Analysis of Engineering and Science Problems|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2014|