Understanding the effect of void morphology and characteristics on laminate mechanical properties

Iryna Gagauz, Luiz F. Kawashita*, Stephen R. Hallett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference Paperpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Due to the nature of composite materials, it is almost impossible to manufacture defect-free parts. The presence of micro-defects, such as porosity, is commonly observed, and it is been shown that porosity has a detrimental effect on the matrix-dominated mechanical properties. Most researchers have attempted to evaluate the behaviour of composites with defects by correlation of the average void content to the particular mechanical property. However different materials, stacking sequences and processing parameters can affect the distribution and morphology of the pores. It is crucial to understand the variations in void morphology, such as the pore size, shape or distribution, and how these parameters affect the progressive failure behaviour of composite structures. In this work, two carbon/epoxy toughened prepreg systems were investigated, namely the Hexcel® IM7/and the Hexcel® IMA/M21. To introduce inter-ply voids, cross-ply laminates were manufactured using a novel controlled heat and pressure curing process. To characterise the voids, micro X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) was used, giving high resolution information about pore size, location and shape in three dimensions. This information was used in this study to develop a methodology to characterise the effects of porosity on the matrix-dominated material properties.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Event21st International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM 2017 - Xi'an, China
Duration: 20 Aug 201725 Aug 2017


Conference21st International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM 2017


  • Carbon/epoxy composites
  • Interlaminar shear strength
  • Manufacturing defects
  • X-ray computed tomography


Dive into the research topics of 'Understanding the effect of void morphology and characteristics on laminate mechanical properties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this