Urban and rural sanitation in the Solomon Islands: How resilient are these to extreme weather events?

Lisa Fleming, Carmen Anthonj*, Mamita Bora Thakkar, Waqairapoa M. Tikoisuva, Musa Manga, Guy Howard, Katherine F. Shields, Emma Kelly, Marc Overmars, Jamie Bartram

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
92 Downloads (Pure)


The Solomon Islands, like other small island developing states in the Pacific, face significant challenges from a changing climate, and from increasing extreme weather events, while also lagging behind the rest of the world in terms of drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) services. In order to support planning for the implementation of national WaSH strategies and policies, this study contextualizes representative urban and rural baselines for Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 (“by 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation”). We highlight specific threats to the current sanitation services under extreme weather events such as flooding and drought, both of which are commonly observed in the country, and provide suggestions for structural improvements to sanitation facilities to increase resiliency. As the first detailed nationally representative cross-sectional sanitation study in urban and rural areas in the Solomon Islands, the results of this paper inform national WaSH policy, strategic planning and programming by the Solomon Islands Government and stakeholders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-340
Number of pages10
JournalScience of The Total Environment
Early online date21 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2019


  • Climate change adaptation
  • Infrastructure
  • Monitoring and evaluation
  • Pit latrine
  • Septic tank


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