OBJECTIVE: To investigate urodynamic, symptomatic, and histologic effects of intraprostatic injection with Ona botulinum toxin A for benign prostatic hyperplasia.
METHODS: Patients >55 years with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia failing medical therapy were treated. Inclusion criteria were International Prostate Symptom Score >7, prostate volume 30-50 cm(3), and urodynamic bladder outlet obstruction >Schäfer grade 2. A transrectal intraprostatic injection of 200 IU Ona botulinum toxin A was given. Filling cystometry and pressure flow studies were performed at 3, 6, and 12 months post injection. International Prostate Symptom Score, International Prostate Symptom Score quality of life, prostate-specific antigen, and prostate volume were measured up until 12 months; prostate biopsies before and after Ona botulinum toxin A injection were done for histology and cell proliferation.
RESULTS: Fifteen men (mean age 64.9 years) were included. Ona botulinum toxin A injection was well tolerated with few complications. Postvoid residual improved (170 to 80 mL), but maximum flow rate and bladder outlet resistance parameters did not change during follow-up. International Prostate Symptom Score and International Prostate Symptom Score quality of life improved (22 to 13 and 5 to 2, respectively), whereas prostate-specific antigen and prostate volume remained unaltered. Cell proliferation did not decrease and in 37% and 64% of pre- and posttreatment biopsies, respectively, some degree of prostatitis was found. Ten of 15 patients eventually underwent transurethral prostate resection because of persisting symptoms.
CONCLUSION: Intraprostatic Ona botulinum toxin A for symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia did not affect urodynamic outcomes, except for postvoid residual. Although symptom scores improved, we were not able to show change in prostate volume, prostate-specific antigen, or histologic outcomes. A placebo effect of intraprostatic Ona botulinum toxin A could not be ruled out.
Bibliographical noteCopyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
- Botulinum Toxins, Type A
- Injections, Intralesional
- Middle Aged
- Neuromuscular Agents
- Organ Size
- Prostate-Specific Antigen
- Prostatic Hyperplasia
- Statistics, Nonparametric
- Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction