Use of an occlusive penile clamp during filling cystometry in men with symptoms of stress urinary incontinence

Ala'a Sharaf, Mandy Fader, Margaret Macaulay, Marcus Drake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

Objective: In severe post‐prostatectomy stress urinary incontinence (SUI), urodynamics may not identify crucial parameters because of inadequate bladder filling. This study evaluated cystometry and pressure flow studies (PFS) in men in whom severe SUI during attempted filling necessitated application of a penile clamp to allow filling to reach cystometric capacity. Men who had undergone prior radical prostatectomy were identified from a database of patients attending for video urodynamic testing between 2012 and 2017. Symptom scores, bladder diary and free flow rate tests were retrieved. Measurements of the subgroup of men for whom a Thomson‐Walker compression clamp was used to enable full urodynamic evaluation were evaluated. 166 patients were identified. In 30 patients (18%), severe SUI led to incomplete filling cystometry. Following application of the penile compression clamp, further filling was achieved in each case. Applying the clamp did not alter vesical filling or impede pressure recording. These men had a lower maximum urethral closure pressure (31.6 vs. 46.5 cm H2O; P < 0.001), volume at strong desire to void (132 vs. 242 mL; P = 0.003) and cystometric capacity (226 mL with clamp applied vs. 310 mL; P < 0.001) than the overall post‐prostatectomy incontinence population. Flow rates during PFS were comparable, but detrusor pressure at maximum flow was lower in the clamp group (11 vs. 22 cm H2O; P = 0.009). A penile clamp applied at the time when leakage becomes excessive during filling cystometry avoids premature test termination in men with severe incontinence.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
JournalLower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Early online date18 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18 Dec 2018

Structured keywords

  • Centre for Surgical Research

Keywords

  • Urodynamics
  • penile clamp
  • incontinence
  • radical prostatectomy
  • reflux

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