Use of offshore wind farms to increase seismic resilience of Nuclear Power Plants

Suby Bhattacharya, Katsu Goda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)
466 Downloads (Pure)


One of the challenges faced by the engineering profession is to meet the energy requirement of an increasingly prosperous world. Nuclear power was considered as a reliable option until the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) disaster which eroded the public confidence. This short paper shows that offshore wind turbines (due to its shape and form, i.e. heavy rotating mass resting at the top of a tall tower) have long natural vibration periods (>3.0 s) and are less susceptible to earthquake dynamics. The performance of near-shore wind turbines structures during the 2011 Tohoku earthquake is reviewed. It has been observed that they performed well. As NPPs are often sited close to the sea, it is proposed that a small wind farm capable of supplying emergency backup power along with a NPP can be a better safety system (robust and resilient system) in avoiding cascading failures and catastrophic consequences.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-68
Number of pages4
JournalSoil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
Issue number1
Early online date27 Oct 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • Offshore wind turbines
  • Nuclear Power Plant
  • Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant
  • 2011 Tohoku earthquake


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