Use of terrestrial laser scanning data to drive decimetric resolution urban inundation models

Chris M Sampson, Timothy J. Fewtrell, Alastair Duncan, Kashif Shaad, Matthew S. Horritt, Paul D. Bates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The advent of airborne LIDAR sparked a renewed research drive in two-dimensional hydraulic modelling at the turn of the millennium due to its ability to rapidly generate accurate DEMs over wide areas. Terrestrial LIDAR applies the same principle but uses a mobile ground-based platform, allowing rapid collection of terrain data in urban areas at decimetric scale. Here we apply two computationally efficient hydraulic models to DEMs of a small urban test site in Alcester, UK, derived from terrestrial and airborne LIDAR data at 10 cm and 1 m scales. The first model, LISFLOOD-FP, is a 2D raster-based model employing a simplified formulation of the de St. Venant equations, whilst the second model, ISIS-FAST, employs a proprietary rapid flood spreading algorithm. The response of the models to changes in DEM resolution and data source are analysed and compared across two event scales. For the first time we show that a flood wave propagating across an urban domain responds to small scale topographic features, such as street kerbs and road surface camber, which are not represented in airborne data but which are resolved by the terrestrial laser scanner. Importantly these features are preserved even if the 10 cm terrestrial data are degraded to the 1 m scale of the airborne DEM. The results indicate that inclusion of these features improves the representation of hydraulic connectivity over the DEM, and hence flood risk estimation. LISFLOOD-FP is shown to be more robust to changes in DEM resolution than ISIS-FAST due to the momentum conservation inherent to the simplified shallow water formulation, but the reduced computational requirements of ISIS-FAST at 10 cm scale allow it to be used for ensemble simulations. The extra detail inherent in terrestrial laser scanning data is advantageous where accurate representation of surface features is required, with potential benefit to high asset-value flood risk analysis and future studies into coupled surface/sewer and pluvial urban inundation models. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Translated title of the contributionUsing terrestrial laser scanning data to drive decimetric resolution urban inundation models
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalAdvances in Water Resources
Volume41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Elsevier

Keywords

  • FLOOD RISK
  • SCALE
  • LYNX
  • Surface water
  • Urban drainage
  • Urban flooding
  • DIFFUSION-WAVE TREATMENT
  • UNCERTAINTY
  • Hydraulic modelling
  • TOPOGRAPHIC DATA
  • PHOTOGRAMMETRY
  • ALTIMETRY
  • Terrestrial LIDAR
  • VEGETATION
  • SCIENCE
  • LIDAR

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