Using other minds as a window onto the world: Guessing what happened from clues in behaviour

Dhanya Pillai, Elizabeth Sheppard, Danielle Ropar, Lauren E Marsh, Amy Pearson, Peter Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been proposed that mentalising involves retrodicting as well as predicting behaviour, by inferring previous mental states of a target. This study investigated whether retrodiction is impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Participants watched videos of real people reacting to the researcher behaving in one of four possible ways. Their task was to decide which of these four "scenarios" each person responded to. Participants' eye movements were recorded. Participants with ASD were poorer than comparison participants at identifying the scenario to which people in the videos were responding. There were no group differences in time spent looking at the eyes or mouth. The findings imply those with ASD are impaired in using mentalising skills for retrodiction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2430-2439
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume44
Issue number10
Early online date8 Apr 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child Development Disorders, Pervasive
  • Eye Movements
  • Facial Expression
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Theory of Mind
  • Videotape Recording
  • Young Adult
  • Mentalising
  • Retrodiction
  • Social cognition
  • Mental states
  • Face processing
  • Eye tracking

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