Bumblebees are a key pollinator. Understanding the factors that influence the timing of sleep and foraging trips is important for efficient foraging and pollina- tion. Here, we illustrate how individual locomotor activity monitoring and colony- wide radio frequency identification tracking can be combined to analyze the effects of agrochemicals like neonicotinoids on locomotor and foraging rhyth- micity and sleep quantity/quality in bumblebees. We also highlight aspects of the design that can be adapted for other invertebrates or agrochemicals, allow- ing broader application of these techniques.
This work was supported by BBSRC studentship BB/J014400/1 and Leverhulme project grant RPG-20160318 awarded to J.J.L.H.
© 2021 The Authors