Using social networks to scale up and sustain community-based programmes to improve physical activity and diet in low-income and middle-income countries: a scoping review protocol

Nina T Abrahams*, Estelle V. Lambert, Frederick Marais, Zoi Toumpakari, Charlie E M Foster

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

Introduction The World Health Organisation endorses community-based programmes as a cost-effective, feasible, and a ‘best buy’ in the prevention and management of non-communicable diseases. These programmes are particularly successful when the community actively participates in its design, implementation, and evaluation. However, they may be only useful insofar as they can be scaled-up and sustained in some meaningful way. Social network research may serve as an important tool for determining the underlying mechanisms that contribute to this process. The aim of this planned scoping review is to map and collate literature on the role of social networks in scaling-up and sustaining community-based physical activity and diet programmes in low- and middle-income countries
Methods and analysis This scoping review protocol has been planned around the Arksey and O'Malley framework and its enhancement. Inclusion criteria are peer-reviewed articles and grey literature exploring the role of social networks in the scale-up and/or sustainability of NCD prevention community-based programmes in adult populations. Studies must have been published since 2000 and based in a low- or middle-income country. The following databases will be used for this review: PubMed, Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL, SocIndex, the International Bibliography of the Social Sciences, Google, and Google Scholar. Books, conference abstracts, and research focused only on children will be excluded. Two reviewers will independently select and extract eligible studies. Included publications will be thematically analysed using the Framework Approach.
Ethics and dissemination Ethical approval will not be sought for this review as no individual-level data or human participants will be involved. This protocol is registered on the Open Science Framework (https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/KG7TX). The findings from the review will be published in an accredited journal. The PRISMA-ScR checklist will be used to support transparency and guide translation of the review.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere053586
JournalBMJ Open
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding NA is supported through a University of Bristol QR GCRF grant. Bristol’s QR GCRF strategy funding is awarded to the University by Research England. Additional funding was provided by philanthropic donations from the University of Bristol's Alumni and Friends.

Publisher Copyright:
© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2021.

Structured keywords

  • SPS Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences

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