Utility of the new Movement Disorder Society clinical diagnostic criteria for Parkinson's disease applied retrospectively in a large cohort study of recent onset cases

Naveed Malek*, Michael A. Lawton, Katherine A. Grosset, Nin Bajaj, Roger A. Barker, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, David J. Burn, Tom Foltynie, John Hardy, Huw R. Morris, Nigel M. Williams, Nicholas Wood, Donald G. Grosset, PRoBaND Clinical Consortium

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Objective To examine the utility of the new Movement Disorder Society (MDS) diagnostic criteria in a large cohort of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Methods Recently diagnosed (<3.5 years) PD cases fulfilling United Kingdom (UK) brain bank criteria in Tracking Parkinson's, a UK multicenter prospective natural history study were assessed by retrospective application of the MDS criteria. Results In 2000 cases, 1835 (91.7%) met MDS criteria for PD, either clinically established (n = 1261, 63.1%) or clinically probable (n = 574, 28.7%), leaving 165 (8.3%) not fulfilling criteria. Clinically established cases were significantly more likely to have limb rest tremor (89.3%), a good L-dopa response (79.5%), and olfactory loss (71.1%), than clinically probable cases (60.6%, 44.4%, and 34.5% respectively), but differences between probable PD and ‘not PD’ cases were less evident. In cases not fulfilling criteria, the mean MDS UPDRS3 score (25.1, SD 13.2) was significantly higher than in probable PD (22.3, SD 12.7, p = 0.016) but not established PD (22.9, SD 12.0, p = 0.066). The L-dopa equivalent daily dose of 341 mg (SD 261) in non-PD cases was significantly higher than in probable PD (250 mg, SD 214, p < 0.001) and established PD (308 mg, SD 199, p = 0.025). After 30 months' follow-up, 89.5% of clinically established cases at baseline remained as PD (established/probable), and 86.9% of those categorized as clinically probable at baseline remained as PD (established/probable). Cases not fulfilling PD criteria had more severe parkinsonism, in particular relating to postural instability, gait problems, and cognitive impairment. Conclusion Over 90% of cases clinically diagnosed as early PD fulfilled the MDS criteria for PD. Those not fulfilling criteria may have an atypical parkinsonian disorder or secondary parkinsonism that is not correctly identified by the UK Brain Bank criteria, but possibly by the new criteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-46
Number of pages7
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Volume40
Early online date12 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Parkinson's disease
  • Diagnosis
  • Phenotype
  • Criteria

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    Malek, N., Lawton, M. A., Grosset, K. A., Bajaj, N., Barker, R. A., Ben-Shlomo, Y., Burn, D. J., Foltynie, T., Hardy, J., Morris, H. R., Williams, N. M., Wood, N., Grosset, D. G., & PRoBaND Clinical Consortium (2017). Utility of the new Movement Disorder Society clinical diagnostic criteria for Parkinson's disease applied retrospectively in a large cohort study of recent onset cases. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders, 40, 40-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parkreldis.2017.04.006