Validation of conversion between Mini-Mental State Examination and Montreal Cognitive Assessment

Michael A Lawton, Meike Kasten, Margaret T May, Brit Mollenhauer, Martina Schaumburg, Inga Liepelt-Scarfone, Walter Maetzler, Eva-Juliane Vollstedt, Michele Hu, Daniela Berg, Yoav Ben-Shlomo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
551 Downloads (Pure)


Harmonising data across cohorts is important for validating findings or combining data in meta-analyses. We replicate and validate a previous conversion of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) to Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in Parkinson’s disease (PD).

We used 5 studies with 1,161 PD individuals and 2,091 observations measured with both the MOCA and MMSE. We compared a previously published conversion table using equipercentile equating with log-linear smoothing to our internally derived scores.

Both conversions found good agreement within and across the studies when comparing true and converted MMSE (mean difference 0.05 (SD 1.84) median difference 0; inter-quartile range -1 to 1, using internal conversion).

These results show that one can get a reliable and valid conversion between two commonly used measures of cognition in PD studies. These approaches need to be applied to other scales and domains to enable large scale collaborative analyses across multiple PD cohorts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-596
Number of pages4
JournalMovement Disorders
Issue number4
Early online date10 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016


  • Parkinson's disease
  • Mini–Mental State Examination
  • Montreal Cognitive Assessment
  • equating

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