Variation in superconducting transition temperature due to tetragonal domains in two-dimensionally doped SrTiO3

Hilary Noad, Eric M. Spanton, Katja C. Nowack, Hisashi Inoue, Minu Kim, T. A. Merz, Chris Bell, Yasuyuki Hikita, Ruqing Xu, Wenjun Liu, Arturas Vailionis, Harold Y. Hwang, Kathryn A. Moler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Strontium titanate is a low-temperature, non–Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer superconductor that superconducts to carrier concentrations lower than in any other system and exhibits avoided ferroelectricity at low temperatures. Neither the mechanism of superconductivity in strontium titanate nor the importance of the structure and dielectric properties for the superconductivity are well understood. We studied the effects of twin structure on superconductivity in a 5.5-nm-thick layer of niobium-doped SrTiO3 embedded in undoped SrTiO3. We used a scanning superconducting quantum interference device susceptometer to image the local diamagnetic response of the sample as a function of temperature. We observed regions that exhibited a superconducting transition temperature Tc≳10% higher than the temperature at which the sample was fully superconducting. The pattern of these regions varied spatially in a manner characteristic of structural twin domains. Some regions are too wide to originate on twin boundaries; therefore, we propose that the orientation of the tetragonal unit cell with respect to the doped plane affects Tc. Our results suggest that the anisotropic dielectric properties of SrTiO3 are important for its superconductivity and need to be considered in any theory of the mechanism of the superconductivity.
Original languageEnglish
Article number174516
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2016


  • Condensed matter physics
  • Superconductivity
  • Materials Science


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