Vasomotor symptoms resulting from natural menopause: a systematic review and network meta-analysis of treatment effects from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guideline on menopause

Grammati Sarri, Hugo Pedder, Sofia Dias, Yelan Guo, Mary Ann Lumsden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
274 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background
Vasomotor symptoms (VMSs) are the hallmarks of menopause, occurring in approximately 75% of postmenopausal women in the UK, and are severe in 25%.
Objectives
To identify which treatments are most clinically effective for the relief of VMSs for women in natural menopause without hysterectomy.
Search strategy
English publications in MEDLINE, Embase, and The Cochrane Library up to 13 January 2015 were searched.
Selection criteria
Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of treatments for women with a uterus for the outcomes of frequency of VMSs (up to 26 weeks), vaginal bleeding, and discontinuation.
Data collection and analysis
Bayesian network meta-analysis (NMA) using mean ratios (MRs) and odd ratios (ORs).
Main results
Across the three networks, 47 RCTs of 16 treatment classes (n = 8326 women) were included. When compared with placebo, transdermal estradiol and progestogen (O+P) had the highest probability of being the most effective treatment for VMS relief (69.8%; MR 0.23; 95% credible interval, 95% CrI 0.09–0.57), whereas oral O+P was ranked lower than transdermal O+P, although oral and transdermal O+P were no different for this outcome (MR 2.23; 95% CrI 0.7–7.1). Isoflavones and black cohosh were more effective than placebo, although not significantly better than O+P. Not only were selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) found to be ineffective in relieving VMSs, but they also had significantly higher odds of discontinuation than placebo. Limited data were available for bleeding, therefore no conclusions could be made.
Conclusion
For women who have not undergone hysterectomy, transdermal O+P was the most effective treatment for VMS relief.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1514-1523
Number of pages10
JournalBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume124
Issue number10
Early online date11 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Menopause
  • Uterus
  • Network meta-analysis
  • Hormonal treatment

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