Venezuela: Higher Education For All

TGE Muhr, A. Verger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review


This paper is a first approximation to the higher education (HE) reforms currently under way in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Under Hugo Chávez' presidency, free HE has become a constitutional right, implemented via the two recently created national HE programmes Universidad Bolivariana de Venezuela and Misión Sucre. Based on policy documents, government reports, interviews and observation, we explore the strategic role ascribed to HE in the government's pursuance of economic, political, social and cultural transformation towards a 'Socialism of the 21st Century'. What we term 'higher education for all' (HEFA) is occurring exactly at a time when the commodification and privatisation of HE is pushed ahead on a global scale. Throughout the paper we argue that Venezuelan HE policy and practice constitute a counter-hegemonic effort to the prevalent global HE agenda.
Translated title of the contributionVenezuela: Higher Education For All
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal for Critical Education Policy Studies
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2006


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