When carrying out vibration health monitoring (VHM) of a structure it is usually assumed that the structure is in the absence of fluid interaction and that any environmental effects which can cause changes in natural frequency either remain constant or are negligible. In certain cases, this condition cannot be assumed and therefore it is necessary to extract values of natural frequencies of the structure for the condition with no fluid interaction from those values measured. This paper considers the case of a thin circular plate in contact with a fluid cavity giving rise to strong structural/fluid vibration interaction. The paper details the free vibration analysis of the coupled system and through consideration of modal energy, illustrates how the affined modes of vibration of the plate and the fluid can be qualitatively described. The paper then introduces a method by which the natural frequencies of the plate in the absence of fluid interaction can be obtained from those of the plate in interaction with the fluid.
Gorman, D. G., Trendafilova, I., Mulholland, A., & Horáček, J. (2008). Vibration analysis of a circular plate in interaction with an acoustic cavity leading to extraction of structural modal parameters. Thin-Walled Structures. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tws.2008.01.004