We review viscoplastic flow over inclined surfaces, focusing on constant-flux extrusions from small vents and the slumping of a fixed volume of material. Lubrication theory is used for shallow and slow flows to reduce the governing equations to a nonlinear diffusion-type equation for the local fluid depth; this model is used as the basis for exploration of the problem. Theory is compared to experiments. A number of complications and additional physical effects are discussed that enrich real situations.
Bibliographical notePublisher: Elsevier
Other: First published in same journal in 2006, volume 139, pages 103-127