Vulcanian explosion at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat on March 2004 as revealed by strain data

A.T. Linde, S. Sacks, D. Hidayat, B. Voight, A. Clarke, D. Elsworth, G. Mattioli, P. Malin, E. Shalev, RSJ Sparks, C. Widiwijayant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The CALIPSO collaborative volcano monitoring system on the Caribbean island of Montserrat includes observations of strain at depths similar to 200 m using Sacks-Evertson strainmeters. Strain data for the March 2004 explosion of the Soufriere Hills Volcano are characterized by large, roughly equal but opposite polarity changes at the two near sites and much smaller changes at a more distant site. The strain amplitudes eliminate a spherical pressure (Mogi-type) source as the sole contributor. The initial changes are followed by smaller recoveries, but with differing relative recovery magnitudes. This dissimilarity requires a minimum of two pressure sources, which we model as a deep spherical pressure source and a shallow dike. The spherical source is fixed at the location derived from data for the massive dome collapse in July 2003. We solve for the best fitting dike plus sphere source combination. The dike geometry is consistent with earlier interpretations of dikes based on GPS data and other lines of evidence. Citation: Linde, A. T., et al. (2010), Vulcanian explosion at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat on March 2004 as revealed by strain data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L00E07, doi: 10.1029/2009GL041988.
Translated title of the contributionVulcanian explosion at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat on March 2004 as revealed by strain data
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

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