Vulnerability to malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS infection and disease. Part II: Determinants operating at environmental and institutional level

Imelda Bates, Caroline Fenton, Janet Gruber, David Lalloo, Antonieta Medina Lara, S Bertel Squire, Sally Theobald, Rachael Thomson, Rachel Tolhurst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review summarises a wide range of evidence about environmental and institutional factors that influence vulnerability to malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV infection. By combining this information with that obtained on factors operating at individual, household, and community level, we have identified potential common strategies for improving resilience to all three diseases simultaneously. These strategies depend on collaborations with non-health sectors and include progress in rapid access to funds, provision of education about disease transmission and management, reduction of the burden on carers (predominantly women), and improvement in the quality of health services.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)368-75
Number of pages8
JournalLancet Infectious Diseases
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004

Keywords

  • Communicable Disease Control
  • HIV Infections
  • Humans
  • Malaria
  • Tuberculosis
  • Vulnerable Populations
  • World Health

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