WASP-39b: a highly inflated Saturn-mass planet orbiting a late G-type star

F. Faedi*, S. C. C. Barros, D. R. Anderson, D. J. A. Brown, A. Collier Cameron, D. Pollacco, I. Boisse, G. Hebrard, M. Lendl, T. A. Lister, B. Smalley, R. A. Street, A. H. M. J. Triaud, J. Bento, F. Bouchy, O. W. Butters, B. Enoch, C. A. Haswell, C. Hellier, F. P. KeenanG. R. M. Miller, V. Moulds, C. Moutou, A. J. Norton, D. Queloz, A. Santerne, E. K. Simpson, I. Skillen, A. M. S. Smith, S. Udry, C. A. Watson, R. G. West, P. J. Wheatley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the discovery of WASP-39b, a highly inflated transiting Saturn-mass planet orbiting a late G-type dwarf star with a period of 4.055259 +/- 0.000008 d, Transit Epoch T-0 = 2 455 342.9688 +/- 0.0002 (HJD), of duration 0.1168 +/- 0.0008 d. A combined analysis of the WASP photometry, high-precision follow-up transit photometry, and radial velocities yield a planetary mass of M-pl = 0.28 +/- 0.03 M-J and a radius of R-pl = 1.27 +/- 0.04 R-J, resulting in a mean density of 0.14 +/- 0.02 rho(J). The stellar parameters are mass M-star = 0.93 +/- 0.03 M-circle dot, radius R-star = 0.895 +/- 0.23 R-circle dot, and age 9(-4)(+3) Gyr. Only WASP-17b and WASP-31b have lower densities than WASP-39b, although they are slightly more massive and highly irradiated planets. From our spectral analysis, the metallicity of WASP-39 is measured to be [Fe/H] = -0.12 +/- 0.1 dex, and we find the planet to have an equilibrium temperature of 1116(-32)(+33) K. Both values strengthen the observed empirical correlation between these parameters and the planetary radius for the known transiting Saturn-mass planets.

Original languageEnglish
Article number40
Number of pages8
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume531
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • stars: individual: WASP-39
  • techniques: photometric
  • techniques: radial velocities
  • planetary systems
  • TRANSITING EXTRASOLAR PLANETS
  • STELLAR ATMOSPHERE MODELS
  • LIMB-DARKENING LAW
  • LOW-DENSITY
  • GIANT PLANETS
  • LIGHT CURVES
  • IMPROVED PARAMETERS
  • SURFACE GRAVITIES
  • HOT JUPITERS
  • RADII

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