Wave localized finite-difference-time-domain modelling of scattering of elastic waves within a polycrystalline material

Shivaprasad Shridhara Bhat, Abhishek Pandala, C V Krishnamurthy, Krishnan Balasubramaniam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

Ultrasonic studies based on the first arrived signals are of utmost importance when dealing with heterogeneous
material especially to seismology, biomedical imaging, as well as for nondestructive evaluation
and structural health monitoring applications. Numerical modelling of elastic waves through
polycrystalline features has been primarily held back by huge computational requirements. This article
discusses the development of a robust and efficient numerical scheme based on finite-differencetime-
domain (FDTD) by introducing wave-localized approach to simulate elastic waves in polycrystalline
media. The numerical scheme adopts a rotated staggered grid in velocity-stress configuration.
The numerical efficiency is improved by adopting parallel computing using efficient graphical processors
and by introducing wave-localized computations. It is demonstrated that the proposed tool,
especially with the introduction of wave-localized approach, is computationally faster and can handle
large-scale grains in comparison with the commercial finite element software, especially when dealing
with first arrived signals. This article reports an optimal ratio of FDTD grids per grain to minimize
the staircasing effects at the polycrystalline boundaries and was found to be valid over a range
of grain sizes. The article also addresses the orientation averaging requirements achieving statistically
significant first arrived signal and suggests optimal averaging trials for various grain size models. The
developed two-dimensional model shows good agreement with the prediction across the Rayleigh
and Stochastic scattering regimes for the chosen model material (Inconel 600) having a cubic symmetry.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2018

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