Weird weather in Bristol during the Grindelwald Fluctuation (1560-1630 CE)

Evan T Jones, Rose Hewlett, Anson W Mackay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
198 Downloads (Pure)


The Grindelwald Fluctuation (1560-1630) was a cooling phase during the ‘Little Ice Age’ (c.1300-1850). Poor weather during the Fluctuation contributed to harvest failures, mass starvation and political crises across the globe. This paper examines information taken from Bristol chronicles that discuss some of the extreme weather events of the period. The entries support the notion that the Grindelwald Fluctuation featured some extraordinarily poor weather, such as great frosts, floods, severe storms, unseasonal snowfalls and droughts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-110
Number of pages7
Early online date1 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Structured keywords

  • Centre for Environmental Humanities


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